Visiting a neurologist
A neurologist diagnoses and treats problems affecting the brain, spinal cord and the peripheral nervous system. You might see a neurologist if you’re experiencing symptoms of a neurological condition, such as Parkinson’s disease, headaches or migraines, dementia, stroke, multiple sclerosis (MS), and epilepsy.
Symptoms and signs of a neurological condition might include:
- Chronic pain
- Vertigo/ dizziness
- Memory problems
- Numbness or tingling
- Difficulty with movement
- Losing muscle strength or mass
- Persistent headaches or migraines
- Issues with hearing, speech or vision
- Tremors, shaking, uncontrolled movements or seizures
If you’re experiencing these or related symptoms, a neurologist will perform a neurological and physical exam before recommending a series of tests. The exact tests we recommend will depend on your specific symptoms, medical history and family medical history.
Once we have confirmed your diagnosis, our specialists will form a tailored treatment plan. Your treatment plan might include medication, neurorehabilitation, physical and occupational therapies, and surgery.
What are the common neurological tests?
A neurologist can recommend and perform a wide range of tests to find the cause of your symptoms.
- Sensation tests
- Cognitive ability tests
- Cerebrospinal fluid analysis
- Muscle, nerve or brain tissue biopsy
- Polysomnogram to diagnose sleep disorders
- Angiography to look at your brain’s blood vessels
- Cranial nerve tests to examine your brain nerve function
- Electromyography (EMG) to record your muscles’ electrical activity
- Electroencephalography (EEG) to measure electrical activity in your brain
- Imaging scans, such as CT, PET, MRI, X-ray or ultrasound
Many factors influence which tests we recommend.